Практикум по английскому языку, Артикли, Бармина Л.А., Верховская И.П., 2000


Практикум по английскому языку, Артикли, Бармина Л.А., Верховская И.П., 2000.

  Основная направленность пособия — предупреждение ошибок в употреблении артиклей. В пособии изложены правила функционирования артиклей, которые иллюстрируются примерами из художественных произведений английских и американских писателей. Эта часть пособия может быть использована и как справочник. Упражнения второй части пособия составлены с учетом последовательной самостоятельной работы студентов над темой.

Практикум по английскому языку, Артикли, Бармина Л.А., Верховская И.П., 2000


CLASSIFICATION OF NOUNS.
The use of the articles is influenced by the kind of noun they modify. The division of nouns into countable and uncountable and also into common and proper is relevant to the use of the articles.

Countable nouns, as the term suggests, refer to objects (things, persons, phenomena, abstract notions) which can be counted; these nouns, therefore, have the singular and the plural form:
a book — two books a man — men a storm — storms an idea — some ideas a mistake — many mistakes

Uncountable nouns denote substances or abstract no-
tions which cannot be counted; therefore, uncountable nouns have no plural form:
water, food, gold; progress, courage, hospitality
As we see, abstract nouns can be both countable and uncountable.

CONTENTS
USE OF ARTICLES
General notion
Functions of the articles
Classification of nouns
Use of articles with common nouns
Articles with countable nouns
Meanings of articles with countable nouns
Articles with countable nouns modified by attributes
The generic use of the definite article
Articles with uncountable nouns
Articles with names of substances
Articles with abstract nouns
Articles with nouns referring to unique objects
Articles with nouns in some syntactic positions
Articles with predicative nouns
Articles with nouns in apposition
Absence of articles in parallel structures
Absence of articles with vocatives
Articles with nouns introduced by as
Articles after the exclamatory what
Absence of articles in absolute constructions
Special difficulties in the use of articles
Articles with names of seasons
Articles with names of times of the day and night
Articles with names of meals
Articles with names of diseases
Articles with the noun sea
Articles with the nouns school, college, hospital, etc
Articles with the noun society
Articles with the noun town
Articles with the nouns radio and television
Articles with nouns in some common expressions
Place of articles
Use of articles with proper nouns
Articles with personal names
Articles with geographic names
Articles with other semantic groups of proper names.



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