This is the fourth edition of English Grammar in Use. I wrote the original edition when I was a teacher at the Swan School of English, Oxford. I would like to repeat my thanks to my colleagues and students at the school for their help, encouragement and interest at that time.
Regarding the production of this fourth edition, I am grateful to Noirin Burke, Annabel Marriott, Matthew Duffy, Liz Driscoll, Jane Walsh, Jeanette Alfoldi and Kamae Design. I would like to thank Cambridge University Press for permission to access the Cambridge International Corpus.
Thank you also to the following illustrators: Humberto Blanco, Paul Fellows, Sophie Joyce, Katie Mac,
Ian Mitchell, Gillian Martin, Sandy Nicholls, Roger Penwill, Lisa Smith, Dave Whamond and Simon Williams.
Are the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where necessary.
1 Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. OK
2 The water boils. Can you turn it off? Is bolllna
3 Look! That man tries to open the door of your car.
4 Can you hear those people? What do they talk about?
5 The moon goes round the earth in about 27 days.
6 I must go now. It gets late.
7 I usually go to work by car.
8 'Hurry up! It’s time to leave.' 'OK. I come.’
9 I hear you've got a new job. How do vou get on?
10 Paul is never late. He's always getting to work on time.
11 They don't get on well. They’re always arguing.
Very often the past simple ends in -ed (regular verbs):
I work in a travel agency now. Before that I worked in a department store.
We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
The police stopped me on my way home last night.
Laura passed her exam because she studied very hard.
To the student.
To the teacher.
Present and past.
1 Present continuous (I am doing).
2 Present simple (I do).
3 Present continuous and present simple 1 (1 am doing and I do).
4 Present continuous and present simple 2 (I am doing and I do).
5 Past simple (I did).
6 Past continuous (I was doing).
Present perfect and past.
7 Present perfect 1 (I have done).
8 Present perfect 2 (I have done).
9 Present perfect continuous (I have been doing).
10 Present perfect continuous and simple (I have been doing and I have done).
11 How Long have you (been) ... ?.
12 For and since When ... ? and How Long ... ?.
13 Present perfect and past 1 (I have done and I did).
14 Present perfect and past 2 (I have done and I did).
15 Past perfect (I had done).
16 Past perfect continuous (I had been doing).
17 Have and have got.
18 Used to (do).
19 Present tenses (I am doing I I do) for the future.
20 (I'm) going to (do).
21 WiLL/shaLL 1.
22 WiLL/shaLL 2.
23 I wiLL and I'm going to.
24 Will be doing and wiLL have done.
25 When I do I When I've done When and if fv1odals.
26 Can, could and (be) able to.
27 Could (do) and could have (done).
28 Must and can't.
29 May and might 1.
30 May and might 2.
31 Have to and must.
32 Must mustn't needn't.
33 Should 1.
34 Should 2.
35 Had better lt's time.
37 Can/Could/Would you ... ? etc. (Requests, offers, permission and invitations).
If and wish.
38 If I do ... and If I did ...
39 If I knew... I wish I knew ...
40 If I had known ... I wish I had known ...
42 Passive 1 (is done I was done).
43 Passive 2 (be done I been done I being done).
44 Passive 3.
45 lt is said that ... He is said to ... He is supposed to ...
46 Have something done.
47 Reported speech 1 (He said that ... ).
48 Reported speech 2.
Questions and auxiliary verbs.
49 Questions 1.
50 Questions 2 (Do you know where ... ? I He asked me where ... ).
51 Auxiliary verbs (have/do/can etc.) I think so I I hope so etc.
52 Question tags (do you? isn't it? etc.).
-ing and to ...
53 Verb+ -ing (enjoy doing I stop doing etc.)
54 Verb+ to ... (decide to ... I forget to ... etc.).
55 Verb(+ object)+ to ... (I want you to ... etc.).
56 Verb+ -ing or to ... 1 (remember/regret etc.).
57 Verb+ -ing or to ... 2 (try/need/help).
58 Verb+ -ing or to ... 3 (Like I would Like etc.).
59 Prefer and would rather.
60 Preposition (in/for/about etc.)+ -ing.
61 Be/get used to something (I'm used to ... ).
62 Verb + preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing I accuse somebody of -ing etc.).
63 Expressions+ -ing.
64 To ... , for ... and so that ...
65 Adjective+ to ...
66 To ... (afraid to do) and preposition+ -ing (afraid of -ing).
67 See somebody do and see somebody doing.
68 -ing clauses (Feeling tired, I went to bed early.).
Articles and nouns.
69 Countable and uncountable 1.
70 Countable and uncountable 2.
71 Countable nouns with a/an and some.
72 A/an and the.
73 The 1.
74 The 2 (school I the school etc.).
75 The 3 (children I the children).
76 The 4 (the giraffe I the telephone I the piano etc., the + adjective).
77 Names with and without the 1.
78 Names with and without the 2.
79 Singular and plural.
80 Noun+ noun (a tennis ball I a headache).
81 -'s (your sister's name) and of ... (the name of the book).
Pronouns and determiners.
82 Myself/yourself/themselves etc.
83 A friend of mine My own house On my own I by myself.
84 There ... and it ...
85 Some and any.
86 No/none/any Nothing/nobody etc.
87 Much, many, Little, few, a Lot, plenty.
88 All I all of most I most of no I none of etc.
89 Both I both of neither I neither of either I either of.
90 All, every and whole.
91 Each and every.
92 Relative clauses 1: clauses with who/that/ which.
93 Relative clauses 2: clauses with and without who/that/which.
94 Relative clauses 3: whose/whom/where.
95 Relative clauses 4: extra information clauses (1).
96 Relative clauses 5: extra information clauses (2).
97 -ing and -ed clauses (the woman talking to Tom, the boy injured in the accident).
Adjectives and adverbs.
98 Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed (boring/bored etc.).
99 Adjectives: a nice new house, you look tired.
100 Adjectives and adverbs 1 (quick/quickly).
101 Adjectives and adverbs 2 (well/fast/Late, hard/ hardly).
102 So and such.
103 Enough and too.
104 Quite, pretty, rather and fairly.
105 Comparison 1 (cheaper, more expensive etc.).
106 Comparison 2 (much better I any better I better and better I the sooner the better).
107 Comparison 3 (as ... as I than).
108 Superlatives (the Longest, the most enjoyable etc.).
109 Word order 1: verb+ object; place and time.
110 Word order 2: adverbs with the verb.
111 Still/ yet and already Any more I any Longer I no Longer.
Conjunctions and prepositions.
113 Although I though I even though In spite of I despite.
114 In case.
115 Unless As Long as Provided/ providing.
11 6 As (As I walked along the street ... I As I was hungry ... ).
117 like and as.
118 Like I as if I as though.
119 For, during and while.
120 By and until By the time ...
121 At/on/ in (time).
122 On time and in time At the end and in the end.
123 In/ at/on (position) 1.
124 In/ at/ on (position) 2.
125 In/ at/on (position) 3.
126 To/ at/in/into.
127 In/on/at (other uses).
129 Noun+ preposition (reason for, cause of etc.).
130 Adjective+ preposition 1.
131 Adjective+ preposition 2.
132 Verb+ preposition 1 to and at.
133 Verb+ preposition 2 about/ for/ of/ after.
134 Verb+ preposition 3 about and of.
135 Verb+ preposition 4 of/for/from/on.
136 Verb+ preposition 5 in/ into/with/to/on.
13 7 Phrasal verbs 1 General points.
138 Phrasal verbs 2 in/ out.
139 Phrasal verbs 3 out.
140 Phrasal verbs 4 on/ off (1).
141 Phrasal verbs 5 on/off (2).
142 Phrasal verbs 6 up/down.
143 Phrasal verbs 7 up (1).
144 Phrasal verbs 8 up (2).
145 Phrasal verbs 9 away/ back.
Appendix 1 Regular and irregular verbs.
Appendix 2 Present and past tenses.
Appendix 3 The future.
Appendix 4 Modal verbs (can/could/will/would etc.).
Appendix 5 Short forms (I'm I you've I didn't etc.).
Appendix 6 Spelling.
Appendix 7 American English.
Key to Exercises.
Key to Additiona l exercises.
Key to Study guide.
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