Инфинитив, Грамматика английского языка, Гузеева К.А., Костыгина С.И., 2000


Инфинитив, Грамматика английского языка, Гузеева К.А., Костыгина С.И., 2000.

Учебное пособие предназначено для студентов факультетов иностранных языков и широкого круга изучающих английский язык. Цель данного пособия состоит в том, чтобы дать максимально полное описание форм, значений и функций инфинитива, показать на многочисленных примерах его особенности и сформировать навыки его употребления.

Инфинитив, Грамматика английского языка, Гузеева К.А., Костыгина С.И., 2000


The double nature of the infinitive.
The infinitive is a non-finite verb form which names a process or an action in a most general way. The infinitive is the initial or basic form of the verb, that is why it represents the verb in the dictionary. The formal sign of the infinitive is the particle to ([to] go). In the negative form the particle not is added before the infinitive. We decided |not | to go to the disco.
Like all the other verbals the infinitive has a double nature, with the infinitive it is verbal and nominal, that is the infinitive combines the features of a verb with those of a noun.

The nominal character of the infinitive manifests itself in the syntactical functions of the infinitive which are similar to those of the noun, such as:
1)    the subject of a sentence It’s never too late to learn.
Учиться никогда не поздно.
То do anything else would have been a mistake.
Любое другое действие было бы ошибкой.
2)    a predicative
The trouble was to get any money from her father.
Проблема была в том, чтобы получить хоть какие-то деньги от ее отца.
The trick is to make it simple.
Сложность в том, чтобы упростить это.

CONTENTS
От авторов
INTRODUCTION. Verbals
The double nature of verbals
the verbal characteristics of the non-finite verb forms
the nominal characteristics of the non-finite verb formsv
THE INFINITIVE
I. The double nature of the infinitive
Exercises
II. The morphological features of the infinitive (the forms of the infinitive)
the categories of aspect and voice
the perfect and non-perfect forms
Exercises
III.The particle “to”
Exercises
IV.The use of the infinitive without the particle
“to” (the bare infinitive)
Exercises
V.The syntactical functions of the infinitive
1.the infinitive as subject
Exercises
2.the infinitive as predicative
Exercises
2a. the infinitive as part of a predicative
Exercises
3.the infinitive as part of a compound verbal predicate
as part of a compound verbal modal predicate
as part of a compound verbal phasal predicate
as part of a compound verbal predicate of double orientation
Exercises
4.the infinitive as object
Exercises
5.the infinitive as attribute
Exercises
6.the infinitive as adverbial modifier
a)the adverbial modifier of purpose
Exercises
b)the adverbial modifier of result
Exercises
c)the adverbial modifier of attendant circumstances
Exercises
d)the adverbial modifier of condition
e)the adverbial modifier of time
Exercises
f)the adverbial modifier of exception
Exercises
g)the adverbial modifier of comparison
Exercises
7.the infinitive as parenthesis
Exercises
Revision
VI. INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS
1. the objective with the infinitive construction
Exercises
2.the subjective infinitive construction
Exercises
3.the for-to-infinitive construction
Exercises
Revision.



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